Today marks the 22nd birthday of the world’s most famous sheep, Dolly.
On the 5th July 1996, scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh successfully cloned Dolly from an adult somatic cell. In a process known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), the nucleus from an adult cell was transferred into a de-nucleated egg cell. This hybrid cell was then shocked to stimulated division and resulted in the first live mammalian clone. Dolly lived a fairly normal life and even produced healthy offspring.
Cloning has since been performed in cattle, deer, horse, dog and many other mammalian species. Cloning’s particular relevance to building endangered populations and overcoming breeding difficulties in species such as camels and rare breeds, could all be enhanced by the application of IVF Bioscience media.